Iran as a vast territory has not only many historical monuments, palaces and ancient cities but contains a lot of exclusive natural resources such as The Alborz and The Zagros as the magnificent mountain ranges, The Lut Desert and Dasht-e Kavir (Central Desert) with magical scenic views and The Caspian Sea in the north and Persian Gulf in the south, nature reserve parks and so on. We tried to provide a useful brief information about the destinations we included in our tours.

  • Alamut

    Alamut geographically is a region lies on the west part of Alborz (Elborz) which located in the provinces of Qazvian and Mazandaran and passes through curvatures and high mounts. Alamut means “eagle’s nest” and contains two big and the most important citadels of Ismailis: Lambsar and Alamut Castles. The area was controlled by Hassan-i Sabbah, the leader of Ismailis and his Assassins for many years. Alamut was the headquarter for Assassins to campaign and preach to the new followers. The area is very famous and rich in flora species like legume, grasses, mint, etc.

    Alamut Castle is a ruined fortress built on top of a high rock at the altitude of 2163 m above sea level. It was seized by Hassan-i Sabbah and his Assassins in 1090 AD and was functioning as the headquarter till 1256 AD. There are different narrations about the exact date of the construction and its founder, but it is said that it was built by the Jostanid or Justanid ruler about 865 AD. In 1256 AD, it was destroyed by the Mongols.

  • Ali Qapu Palace

    Ali Qapu is a grand palace located in the west part of Naghsh-e Jahan Sq. in Isfahan. It was built in Shah Abbas I, Safavid era. It is forty-eight meters high and contains six floors. The interior walls have been painted with bird, animal and floral motifs by Reza Abbasi, the court painter of Shah Abbas I. It was used for entertaining the noble visitors and foreign ambassadors.

  • Asiab Shotor

    Asiab Shotor is the old method for grinding. In desert areas, they had to use a camel to rotate the mill wheel instead of water or wind.

  • Bam citadel locally known as arg-e Bam located in a desert area in the southeast of Iran and lies on 1,060 m above sea level. This historical citadel dates back to Achaemenid dynasty approximately between 6th to 4th centuries BC. In its heyday, it was an important trade center for being located in the junction of trade routes and famous for producing silk and cotton garments. Arg-e Bam was the biggest adobe citadel in the world before destroying in the earthquake on 2003.

  • Bishapur, Ancient City

    Bishapur is located 100 Km to the west of the city of Shiraz, near the city of Kazeroon, this city was built by the King Shapur the First, the city had Palaces, the stone coverings and Zoroastrian fire Temple. The city also called the City of Shapur, which is situated in an area called Tang Chogun (Chogun valley). Bishapur is one of the ancient cities which the year established has been recorded on a stone tablet.  Bishapur is a treasure trove of valuable Sassanid works such as Anahita temple.

    The city was flourishing and residential up until the first centuries of the rise of Islam.

    The most important stone carving on mountain wall is the King Shapur’s head. On the side of Tang-e Chowgan there is a cave called Shapur’s Cave, which contain a large stone carved statue of Shapur, 7 meter tall.

  • Caravanserai

    Caravanserai was a road lodge to accommodate travelers to rest after several days’ journey. Also it helped the merchants to trade and supported the flow of commerce, information and people along the route. It was a common feature along the Achaemenid Empire’s Royal Road about 2500 km long stretched from Sardis to Susa and also along the Silk Road. Some popular ancient caravanserais are: Shahabbassi in Alborz province, Khaje Nazar in east Azarbayejan, Fathalishahi in Tehran, Lab Khandagh & Moshir in Yazd, Shahabbassi in Bisotun Kermanshah, Saad Al Saltaneh in Qazvin. 

  • Damavand

    Damavand with 5609m height (18,403 ft.), known as the roof of Iran is the highest stratovolcano in Asia. It is located in Mazandaran province of the north of Iran; in the middle of high mountains of Alborz mountain range which is 70km far from north east of Tehran.

     

    Ascending routs:

    This conical stratovolcano has 16 different ridges with possibility to ascend. There are 4 main routs among them which are more likely to ascend because of huts and shelters (northern ridge, north-east ridge, west ridge and southern ridge). The southern ridge is the most popular as we can drive up to 2900 m. All the entire rout is a good path and there is no much slope or challenging part in it. Access to an equipped hut in 4250 m is one of the most important advantages of this rout and also an icefall in 5000m doubles its beauty.

     

    Ascending season:

    It is able to ascend Damavand in all seasons, but the most ideal time to ascend is from mid June till mid September. After that, weather situation is getting unstable with more range of snow in lower temperature and everyone should have special equipment and clothes for winter and of course higher physical fitness to ascend.

     

    Geology:

    The Damavand is a stratovolcano with a huge bowl with 400m diameter at the top that has been exit of this volcano. According to geology research’s, Damavand had its last eruption about 5300 BC in the Holocene. Nowadays we can make sure Damavand is not an active volcano but hot springs in the foothills and also emission of sulphur acid gas near the summit is a proof of semi-active of this stratovolcano.

  • Dena

    Dena is a mountain chain within Zagros mountain range which starts from west towards southeast of Iran. Mount Dena with 80 km length and 15 km average width, has more than 40 peaks higher than 4000 m. It is situated between Isfahan and Shiraz which mostly is in Kohgiluye & Boyerahmad Province. It is a mountainous area with steep slopes, cliffs, deep canyons, narrow valleys and impassable passes. Dena is rich and invaluable in variety of flora and fauna spices; there are 1200 plant spices which 50 spices are endemic and 169 faunas which the most popular are brown bear, wild boar, leopard, wolf, ibex, hyena, wild cat, caracal, golden eagle, Eurasian eagle-owl, Tawny owl. In 1990 it was recognized as protected area and in 2012 it was registered as biosphere reserve with the consent of Supreme Council of UNESCO.

    Qash Mastan also known as Bijan 3 is the highest peak in Dena and Zagros mountain range with an elevation of 4,418 m above sea level.  

    Sisakht is one of the most beautiful villages and strategic places in the region of Dena. According to a legend in Shahname of Ferdowsi, Keikhosro the legendry King of Iran ceded the throne to Lohrasb and had farewell with his people and left the capital accompanying with couple of his heroes. They reached to a village and a mountain pass in Dena. The mountain pass was impassable, so Keikhosro orders to his heroes to return and stop accompanying him. He went and disappeared in the snow but one of his commander who was called Bijan with other heroes refuse to return and they continue to follow after the King. They couldn’t pass and were frozen to death. So they called the village “Sisakht” for hardworking of those heroes. They called the mountain “Bijan” after the hero. Also they called one of the cave “Keikhosro” after the King.

     

  • Dokhtar Castle, The Maiden Castle

    Ghale Dokhtar or Dokhtar castle (The Maiden Castle) is located near Firuzabad (Pirouzabad) on a mountain slope overlooking the river and roadway which was built by Ardeshir I in 209 AD. In Persian it is called Dezh Dokhtar. There are different narrations about the name of this castle. Some believes that it refers to the goddess Anahita who was a maiden. Some others believe that it implies impregnable to any attack, so they called it the maiden.

    The castle is in 3 levels and access to the castle is via a tall gateway through a rectangular tower by a broad stairway which leading up to a huge rectangular shape hall in each level. The first stairways supported by blind niches on either side and two large buttresses at the east end. The second level has a porch (in farsi called iwan) at the east and arched blind windows on either side. This hall was roofed by an arched vault.

  • Eqlid, located near the Zagros Mount range and 2250 m above the sea level is recognized as one of the highest elevations among Iran cities. Being close to the desert city of Abarkooh also known as Abarqu, makes it a gate between the high mountains and desert. Eqlid was the main gateway to Fars and especially Persepolis in the old ages through a road called “royal road” which used to pass through this city. Jameh Mosque is one of the historical places of this city.

  • Gavchah

    Gavchah is the old method pulling up the water from a well by using a yak and a leather bucket to irrigate the vast farming lands. Surprisingly the Yak will move by singing.

  • Ghurtan citadel, the second biggest adobe citadel after Bam citadel in Iran. This ancient fortress belongs to Sassanid era which dates back to 1100 years ago but according to the found antiquities excavated this citadel it is traced back to Achaemenes period between 553-330 BC.

  • Golestan Palace

    Golestan Palace, inscribed in UNESCO World Heritage Site, is one of the oldest historic monuments located in Tehran. The Golestan Palace was built 440 years ago during Shah Tahmaseb of Safavid dynasty and was renovated and completed in Karim Khan Zand and Agha Mohammadkhan Qajar who selected Tehran as his capital. Then the arg became the seat of Qajars and the palace became the official residence of Qajar dynasty. It was reconstructed to the current form in 1865. It is called Golestan because of a main hall in this name in Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar.

    The coronation of Reza Pahlavi was held in this palace on the Marble Throne and the coronation of Mohammad Reza Shah was held in the Museum Hall.

    The Golestan Palace is a complex containing a series of royal buildings, gardens and collections of Iranian handcrafts and European presents.

    1. Salam Hall
    2. Ivory Hall
    3. Mirror Hall
    4. Dimond Hall
    5. Brilliant Hall
    6. Shams-ol- Emareh Palace
    7. Abyaz Palace
    8. Building of Windcatchers
    9. Marble Throne
    10. Karim Khani Nook
    11. Pond House
    12. Museum Hall
    13. Museum of Gifts
  • Jameh Mosque

    Jameh mosque of Isfahan, the UNESCO World Heritage Site, also known as Atigh Jameh Mosque is one of the most ancient and the unique religious buildings of Persia.  It is said that is the first mosque exists in Iran. According to archeological discoveries, containing a pillar bottom, it was a fire temple in Sassanid era, although the exact date of foundation is not clear but estimated to date back to 2000 years ago.

  • Kahar Peak

    Kahar peak is one of the most beautiful mountain peaks of Western Alborz range (4050 m), where the route is crossing over the mountain belt full of adorable views which the photographers can enjoy taking a lot of shots. The nature of the area has different beauty in every season. At the top you will have scenic view of surrounded high mountains above 4000 m. you will enjoy the view of Damavand and Alamkuh when the weather is clear.

  • Kavir-e Lut

    Lut desert is a unique almost alien landscape shaped over thousands of years of desert winds.

    The sands of geological time have been witness of long dead seas, dried lakes and riverbeds whose very names survive in myths and legends passed down through oral history. This harsh environment has shaped a warm friendly culture of hospitality.

     Lut desert referred to as Kavir-e Lut and also called Dasht-e Lut, registered on UNESCO World Heritage site on July 17 2016, is the vastest salt arid with a subtropical climate in Iran and 27th largest desert in the world. It is situated in the south-east of Iran; located mostly in Kerman province and surrounded in east to the province of Sistan and Baluchestan and from north to South Khorasan province. It is recognized as the world’s hottest and driest surface spot because of a temperature of 70.7 ˚C has been recorded by NASA’s Aqua satellite. This hottest part is called Gandom Beryan which in English means “Toasted wheat”. This arid land contains corrugated ridges known as kaluts and stony parts.

  • KharTouran National Park or Touran Wildlife Refuge; the second largest reserve in Iran which is situated in Semnan Province. Khartouran is the home to the endangered Asiatic cheetah which is also known as Iranian Cheetah or Persian Cheetah. This species is surviving only in Iran at the moment.  The largest population of Persian onager (also called Persian wild ass or Persian zebra) and two species of gazelles (the goitered gazelle and Indian gazelle) are in Khar Touran reserve. Wild sheep and goats are available in this reserve.

  • Nomadic is a kind of human’s lifestyle who hasn’t a fixed habitation and in certain times they move as a tribe with their families and belongings from a cold area to a grazing land in warmer part. They have no permanent home as they have to find pasture for their animals. In fact, herding cattle is the main source of livelihood for nomads. The famous nomads of Iran are Turkmen, Qashqai, Shahsavan and Bakhtiary which they are large tribes.

  • Pasargadae

    Pasargadae is the capital of Achaemenes Empire in Cyrus the Great between 559-530 BC. Pasargadae was constructed by the order of Cyrus the Great. It remained as capital till Cambyses II moved that to Susa. The tomb of Cyrus the Great is in Pasargadae. it is said the remains of the tomb of Cyrus’ son and successor Cambyses II has been found in Pasargadae. This city is an archaeological site and enlisted in UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Persepolis

    Persepolis known as Parsa in old Persian (in local Farsi is called Takht-e Jamshid means the throne of Jamshid) was built as ceremonial capital of the Persia Empire by Darius I, the great Darius who was the founder of Achaemenes dynasty which dates back to 515 BC. Persepolis is the Greek name for Parsa. This city is located in 60 Km far from Shiraz in northwest in Fars province. The ruins of Persepolis are enlisted in UNESCO World Heritage Site.

  • Pol-e Khab

    Surely Pol-e Khab is not only one of the best and most perfect rock climbing sites but one of the most beautiful routes for trekking through high walls and cliffs which takes you to an amazing summit (2900 m). It is 1800 m above the sea level; a cliff with 100-180 m height and about 2 km width, with more than 170 climbing routes including sport, multi piches, bolted and trad routs. All the routes are equipped with standard anchors. The rocks are made from green tuff.

    It is so amazing for its wilderness and untouched nature. You will experience two different routes for ascending and descending which ends to fruit gardens in another village.

    This site has a great advantage comparing to the other sites as it is possible to climb it in every season and different climates, so you can send a request for all the seasons.

  • Qeshm Island

    Qeshm is the largest island in the strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf which belongs to Iran. It has an area of 1,491 square km with an irregular outline and mostly rocky coast which stretches parallel to the southern coast of Iran. Qeshm has the most marvelous natural sites such as magnificent canyons, significant hills, valleys and caves which are protected as part of UNESCO-recognised Qeshm Island Geopark. Qeshm is fringed with mangrove forests, attractive beaches and about 60 coastal villages. It has an abundance of wildlife including birds, reptiles, dolphins and turtles.

  • Rayen castle locally referred as arg-e Rayen, is an adobe castle located in Rayen town in south of Kerman province and lies on the foothills of Hezar Mountains, the 4th highest mountain in Iran. It is a medieval mudbrick very similar to Bam citadel and a representative example of deserted citadel. It is the second biggest earthen fortress after Bam citadel in Kerman province and dates back to Sassanid era. The presence of a waterfall in Rayen city makes it more attractive and pleasant and scenic to visit.

  • Sarvestan Palace

    Sassanid Sarvestan Palace

    9 km to the south west of Sarvestan city there is a Palace in the name of Sassanid Sarvestan Palace, which been built by Bahram Gour or Bahram V Sassani in the 5th century AD, is a large and complex and diverse style of building, with stone and plaster and has the oldest brick domes, porches, big rooms and many atriums. Some researchers of Sassanid architecture believe that the construction of this building was one of the first steps towards a special construction style of which the gothic architecture can be seen as its ultimate realization.

  • Tepe Hissar (Tappeh Hissar) is located near Damghan and it is one of the important ancient hills of Iran plateau. This area has hosted residents since seven thousand years ago. The historical area of Tappeh Hesar is approximately 160 hectares. The culture of Hesar has been destroyed by the attack of alien tribes from east, and only it has continued in Shah Tappeh and Tourang Tappeh. Hesar’s culture can be said that was demolished nearly 1900 years before the birth of Christ.

  • The ancient city of Gor

    Firuzabad or the ancient city of Gor is one of the most valued and important historical ruins. The remains of the ancient city of Gor is located on the north west of the modern city of Firuzabad in Fars province. The old border mud walls and ditch surrounding the city and the stone carved monuments and brick works are covering all the area which dating back to Achaemenid period. It was destroyed by Alexander the Great.

    The city was revived by Ardeshir I, the founder of Sassanian Empire after the Parthians captured Isfahan and Kerman in 224 AD. It was ransacked by Arab Muslim invasion in the seventh century.

    It had a circle plan and supported by a trench 50 meters in width and 2 kilometers in diameter. It had 4 gates: Hormozd gate in the north; Ardeshir gate in the south; Mithra gate in the east and Bahram gate in the west. It is said that it was the first circle city not only in Iran but in the world.

  • Qanat also known Kariz in Persian language, is a smart technology of sloping underground water channel transporting water from an aquifer to surface for irrigating and drinking. It contains a deep well and a channel with a series of vertical access shafts. It is a smart system managing the equitable and sustainable water distribution. This site has been inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016 including 11 qanats under the name of “The Persian Qanat”.

  • The Tarikhaneh Temple is a Sassanid-era monument located on the southern limit of the present day city of Damghan, Iran. This structure was initially used as a Zoroastrian Fire Temple during the Sassanid period, however, after the fall of the Sassanid Empire it was rebuilt and converted into a mosque in the 8th century. The monument is, thus, known as the oldest mosque in Iran.

  • Iran sites inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage list

     

    1- Naghshe Jahan Sq., Esfahan

    2- Persepolis, Fars

    3- Tchogha Zanbil, khuzestan

    4- Takht-e Soleyman, West Azarbayejan

    5- Bam and its Cultural Landscape, Kerman

    6- Pasargadae, Fars

    7- Soltaniyeh, Zanjan

    8- Bisotun, Kermanshah

    9- Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran, North west of Iran

    • Saint Tadaus church locally known as Ghareh Kelisa, West Azarbayejan
    • Saint Stepanous church, East Azarbayejan
    • Saint Mary church also known as Zoorzoor, West Azarbayejan

    10- Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, Khuzestan

    11- Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil, Ardabil

    12- Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex, East Azarbayejan

    13- The Persian Garden: 9 Persian Garden in different provinces as below:

    • Pasargadae in Shiraz
    • Eram in Shiraz
    • Fin in Kashan
    • Chehel Sotun in Isfahan
    • Abbas Abad in Mazandaran
    • Shazdeh in Mahan
    • Dolat Abad in Yazd
    • Pahlavanpour in Yazd
    • Akbarieh in Birjand

     

    14- Gonbad-e Qābus, Golestan

    15- Masjed-e Jāmé, Isfahan

    16- Golestan Palace, Tehran

    17- Shahr-i Sokhta, Sistan & Baluchestan

    18- Cultural Landscape of Maymand, Kerman

    19- Susa, Khuzestan

    20- Lut Desert, Kerman- South Khorasan - Sistan & Baluchestan

    21- The Persian Qanat including 11 qanats in different provinces as below:

    • Ghasabe in Gonabad, Khorasan
    • Baladeh in Ferdows, South Khorasan
    • Zarch in Yazd
    • Moon in Ardestan,
    • Hassanabad in Mehriz, Yazd
    • Vezvan in Meymeh,
    • Mazdabad in Meymeh,
    • Jopar in Kerman,
    • Ebrahimabad in Arak, Central Province
    • Ghasemabad in Bam, Kerman
    • Akbarabad in Bam, Kerman

     22- Historic City of Yazd

    23- Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region (Firuz Abad, Sarvestan, Bishapur), Fars

    24- Hircanian Forests

  • Varzaneh

    Varzaneh is an old town located in Varzaneh desert in Isfahan province close to Gavkhuni wetland. Varzaneh is popular as the jewel of Isfahan province as it has many highlights such as the old bridge, Jameh mosque, Shah Abbass caravanserai, old caravanserais and windcatchers, qanats, towers, pigeon houses, castles and the remains of water meals. According to the available documents, Jameh mosque has been constructed on the remains of an ancient fire temple.

  • Yazd

    Yazd, with its sun-dried adobe buildings, is known as the bride of the desert. This ancient city is furnished with mosques of stunning beauty which co-exist with Zoroastrian holy sites. Yazd, registered in UNESCO World Heritage Site has many important highlights such as Tower of Silence and the Zoroastrian Fire Temple which are very unique sites in Iran and give you the chance to know more about Zoroastrians. Amir Chakhmaq Complex is the symbol of Yazd. Qanat, the sloping underground water channel, Dolat Abad Garden, a typical example of a Persian garden, UNESCO World Heritage Site.